Table of Content
1. What is CIRCUIT BREAKER
2. NEED OF CIRCUIT BREAKER
3. TYPES OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS
4. CIRCUIT BREAKERS AT A GLANCE
5. MEDIUM VOLTAGE & HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKERS
What is CIRCUIT BREAKER
The circuit breaker is a switching device which also offers protection by tripping & cutting off the supply to load in case of fault. Primarily the circuit breakers are used for switching of different kinds of load in Industries, Buildings, Commercial Complexes, and Hotels, etc.
NEED OF CIRCUIT BREAKER
Many kind of abnormal conditions are there which exist in our electrical system that have the potential to damage the circuit & its components. These conditions are defined as ‘FAULTS’.Further, fault is categorized as mentioned below:
In order to keep our electrical components & system safe, it is mandatory to protect our system against the above faults. This leads to the need of circuit breaker.
TYPES OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS
Circuit breakers mainly are categorized on the basis of application as per voltage:
1) Low Voltage Circuit Breaker
CIRCUIT BREAKERS AT A GLANCE:
LOW VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKERS
Circuit Breakers operating for the voltage up to 1KV are LV or Low Voltage Circuit Breakers which are as follows:
MOLDED CASE CIRCUIT BREAKER (MCCB)
MCCB or Molded Case Circuit Breaker is a kind of circuit breaker which is enclosed in the moulding or housing of a moulded material & that is the reason it is known as Molded Case Circuit Breaker. It is generally used for the current ratings upto 1600A & fault level upto 150KA. It offers protection against overload & short circuits through bimetal & solenoid, these days Microprocessor based MCCBs are being very popular due to the quick functioning of their electronic type release.
MINIATURE CIRCUIT BREAKER (MCB)
MCB or Miniature Circuit Breaker is a circuit breaker which is used for protection where current ratings are lower. It can be used upto 125A circuits & like MCCBs it also offers protection against overload & short circuit through bimetal & solenoid. These days Class 3 MCBs are very popular due to their ability of tripping quickly & also minimum loss of let through energy.
AIR CIRCUIT BREAKER (ACB)
AIR CIRCUIT BREAKER or ACB as the name suggests it’s the circuit breaker where the medium of arc quenching is air. ACB is used for the high current applications, or we can say that ACB can offer protection against overload & short circuit upto 6300A. Tripping in ACB is achieved through release. The release is known as the mind of ACB as it only suggests the ACB to trip in case of fault.
MOTOR PROTECTION CIRCUIT BREAKER (MPCB)
MPCBs are used specially for motor protections. MPCB as a standalone device offers protection against Overload, Short Circuit & Single Phasing, thus is used specifically for motor applications.
RESIDUAL CURRENT CIRCUIT BREAKER (RCCB)
RCCBs as the name suggests offer protection against Earth Leakage. It is used in homes, offices & industries according to the current sensitivity required as per application. In case of current leakage it senses the same & trips thus, saving the human & circuit from shock & adverse effects of current leakage.